Household water and energy consumption changes during covid-19 pandemic lockdowns: Cases of the kazakhstani cities of almaty, shymkent, and atyrau

Aidana Tleuken, Galym Tokazhanov, Aray Bibi Serikbay, Kuanysh Zhalgasbayev, Mert Guney, Ali Turkyilmaz, Ferhat Karaca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the daily behaviors of people by forcing them to spend the majority of their time in their residences, particularly during social distancing measures. The increased time spent at home is expected to influence, among other things, the daily consumption of utilities: specifically, water and energy. A prolonged presence of residents at home during COVID-19 lockdowns might increase strain on water and energy resources, which are mostly from non-renewable sources in several countries, including Kazakhstan; however, such potentially important effects have not yet been studied for the country. The present research aims to evaluate how the COVID-19 pandemic lockdowns have affected the water and energy consumption in residential housings in cities of varying sizes in Kazakhstan, providing a novel understanding of the effect of pandemic lockdowns on household energy and water consumption. Energy and water consumption data of Almaty, Shymkent, and Atyrau have been first obtained from the local service companies, and then, the usage behavior was analyzed for the periods before, during, and after the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown. After, statistical tests were conducted to check the hypotheses regarding the effect of COVID-19 pandemic lockdowns on the consumption of energy and water. The findings indicate that residential energy and water consumption increased during the lockdown periods in large and medium cities. Nevertheless, this growth is not highly significant compared to similar non-pandemic timeframes. This result could indicate a particular risk for sustainable resources consumption and put pressure on the supply companies. Moreover, in case of further lockdown measures, current building systems are at risk of increased pressure, and eventually, of failure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number663
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Building sustainability
  • Coronavirus
  • Electricity demand
  • Residential buildings
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Water supply

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


Dive into the research topics of 'Household water and energy consumption changes during covid-19 pandemic lockdowns: Cases of the kazakhstani cities of almaty, shymkent, and atyrau'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this