Hybrid approach for disaster recovery using P2P communications in android

Hakan Yekta Yatbaz, Berkem Cinar, Ali Gokdemir, Enver Ever, Fadi Al-Turjman, Huan X. Nguyen, Adnan Yazici

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


Disaster recovery and rescuing are challenging tasks due to the unknown parameters related with the victims in disastrous situations. Existing surveillance systems have a degree of efficiency to inform the people through the use of various communication channels about disasters and their area of effect. However, the obscureness of the rescuing process has not been resolved in desirable levels, especially for the cases where the communication infrastructure can also be heavily damaged. Thanks to the prevalent use of mobile devices installed with variety of sensors, it is possible to aid the rescue process using the mobile hand sets. In this study, a framework which focuses on reducing the time spent to locate possible victims in a disastrous situation and to expedite the medical help is presented. For this purpose a system which introduces a proactive approach using Android, WiFi P2P technology, and local/central location database synchronization is proposed. In short, the system obtains the location of the users with fixed intervals to store in both local and centralized database for authorities to query for necessary information. The information related with the neighbouring mobile devices within a specific coverage area is also stored for the cases where only some of the devices are reachable due to disasters. With these features, it is possible to consider the system as a hybrid one where both reactive and proactive approaches are employed in order to reach the most up-to-date information available. This way, the probability of reaching up-to-date information about potential victims with no connection due to damaged infrastructure is increased, since each mobile node has information about the stations within its coverage area. In addition, the emergency medical information of the user are collected via a mobile application to accelerate the medical support time. Even though the system is designed to be used in any kind of disastrous situations, the case study included in this paper is for earthquakes only. Briefly, we developed a system that can enhance the rescuing and provide fast medical support by making use of the advancements in both mobile and wireless communication technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 43rd Annual IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks, LCN Workshops 2018
EditorsSoumaya Cherkaoui, Karl Andersson, Fadi Al-Turjman
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781538650974
Publication statusPublished - Jan 28 2019
Event43rd Annual IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks, LCN Workshops 2018 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Oct 1 2018Oct 4 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 43rd Annual IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks, LCN Workshops 2018


Conference43rd Annual IEEE Conference on Local Computer Networks, LCN Workshops 2018
CountryUnited States


  • Android
  • BLE
  • Bluetooth
  • Disaster recovery
  • Peer-to-peer
  • Proactive victim tracking
  • WiFi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Instrumentation

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