Identification of novel PPARγ target genes by integrated analysis of ChIP-on-chip and microarray expression data during adipocyte differentiation

Yutaka Nakachi, Ken Yagi, Itoshi Nikaido, Hidemasa Bono, Mio Tonouchi, Christian Schönbach, Yasushi Okazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PPARγ (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma) acts as a key molecule of adipocyte differentiation, and transactivates multiple target genes involved in lipid metabolic pathways. Identification of PPARγ target genes will facilitate to predict the extent to which the drugs can affect and also to understand the molecular basis of lipid metabolism. Here, we have identified five target genes regulated directly by PPARγ during adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 cells using integrated analyses of ChIP-on-chip and expression microarray. We have confirmed the direct PPARγ regulation of five genes by luciferase reporter assay in NIH-3T3 cells. Of these five genes Hp, Tmem143 and 1100001G20Rik are novel PPARγ targets. We have also detected PPREs (PPAR response elements) sequences in the promoter region of the five genes computationally. Unexpectedly, most of the PPREs detected proved to be atypical, suggesting the existence of more atypical PPREs than previously thought in the promoter region of PPARγ regulated genes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-366
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume372
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 25 2008

Keywords

  • Adipocyte differentiation
  • ChIP-on-chip
  • PPARγ
  • PPRE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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