The sensitive and reliable dinitrophenyl (DNP) hapten sandwich staining (DHSS) procedure (B. Jasani et al., Virchows Arch (Pathol. Anat.), 406 (1985) 441-448) was used to study the distribution of immunoperoxidase staining seen with antibodies to seven protein markers in postmortem heart tissue. This was obtained from 12 cases with macroscopic myocardial infarction and 17 cases without myocardial infarction (10 with and 7 without significant coronary artery atherosclerosis). The immunostaining patterns were compared with the appearances seen in adjacent sections stained by the routine haematoxylin and eosin (H & E) and phosphotungstic acid haematoxylin (PTAH) methods and a method previously recommended for the detection of early myocardial infarction, the haematoxylin basic fuchsin picric acid (HBFP) stain. Loss of immunostaining with an antibody to myoglobin was found to be a reliable and more objective marker of both early and established myocardial infarction compared with the histological stains. Antibodies to myosin, caeruloplasmin, C-reactive protein and pre-albumin gave similar but less reliable results, whilst those to complement factor C3b and α-1 anti-trypsin gave the least reliable results for early myocardial ischaemic/hypoxic damage. The immunocytochemical results are considered sufficiently encouraging to extend the work to a large number of sudden death cases in order to establish a new, more reliable approach to the detection of histologically latent ischaemic/hypoxic damage in the myocardium.
- Early myocardial infarction
- Histological diagnosis
- Immunoperoxidase staining
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine