Impact assessment from sewage sludge

Antonis A. Zorpas, Vasilis Inglezakis, Irene Voukalli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Sludge is formed during wastewater treatment. Wastewater may contain certain undesirable components, including organic, inorganic and toxic substances, as well as pathogenic or disease-causing micro-organisms. Sewage sludge is being generated in ever increasing amounts and the dilemma centers on how to find an environmentally acceptable way to utilize sewage. The treatment and disposal of sewage sludge is an expensive and environmentally sensitive problem. It is also a growing problem worldwide since sludge production will continue to increase as new sewage treatment works are built and environmental quality standards become more stringent. With some traditional disposal routes coming under pressure, and others such as sea disposal having been phased out, the challenge facing sludge managers is to find cost-effective and innovative solutions whilst responding to environmental, regulatory and public pressures. Recycling and use of wastes are the preferred options for sustainable development, rather than incineration or landfilling, but with sewage sludge this is not straight forward because of perceptions over contaminants, pathogens and its faecal origin, particularly by the food retailers. If future quality standards for sludge and the receiving environment are made too stringent, the agricultural outlet may become untenable for the water utilities resulting in sludge being disposed of by other means that offer the utilities greater operational and financial security, but which may be less acceptable in the long-term.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSewage Sludge Management: From the past to our Century
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages327-363
Number of pages37
ISBN (Print)9781613243930
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

sludge
toxic substance
incineration
sewage treatment
sustainable development
sewage
recycling
pathogen
impact assessment
sewage sludge
wastewater
food
pollutant
cost
water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Zorpas, A. A., Inglezakis, V., & Voukalli, I. (2012). Impact assessment from sewage sludge. In Sewage Sludge Management: From the past to our Century (pp. 327-363). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..

Impact assessment from sewage sludge. / Zorpas, Antonis A.; Inglezakis, Vasilis; Voukalli, Irene.

Sewage Sludge Management: From the past to our Century. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2012. p. 327-363.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Zorpas, AA, Inglezakis, V & Voukalli, I 2012, Impact assessment from sewage sludge. in Sewage Sludge Management: From the past to our Century. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., pp. 327-363.
Zorpas AA, Inglezakis V, Voukalli I. Impact assessment from sewage sludge. In Sewage Sludge Management: From the past to our Century. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 2012. p. 327-363
Zorpas, Antonis A. ; Inglezakis, Vasilis ; Voukalli, Irene. / Impact assessment from sewage sludge. Sewage Sludge Management: From the past to our Century. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2012. pp. 327-363
@inbook{37cf97e0cce0494d95940d6868ed28b3,
title = "Impact assessment from sewage sludge",
abstract = "Sludge is formed during wastewater treatment. Wastewater may contain certain undesirable components, including organic, inorganic and toxic substances, as well as pathogenic or disease-causing micro-organisms. Sewage sludge is being generated in ever increasing amounts and the dilemma centers on how to find an environmentally acceptable way to utilize sewage. The treatment and disposal of sewage sludge is an expensive and environmentally sensitive problem. It is also a growing problem worldwide since sludge production will continue to increase as new sewage treatment works are built and environmental quality standards become more stringent. With some traditional disposal routes coming under pressure, and others such as sea disposal having been phased out, the challenge facing sludge managers is to find cost-effective and innovative solutions whilst responding to environmental, regulatory and public pressures. Recycling and use of wastes are the preferred options for sustainable development, rather than incineration or landfilling, but with sewage sludge this is not straight forward because of perceptions over contaminants, pathogens and its faecal origin, particularly by the food retailers. If future quality standards for sludge and the receiving environment are made too stringent, the agricultural outlet may become untenable for the water utilities resulting in sludge being disposed of by other means that offer the utilities greater operational and financial security, but which may be less acceptable in the long-term.",
author = "Zorpas, {Antonis A.} and Vasilis Inglezakis and Irene Voukalli",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781613243930",
pages = "327--363",
booktitle = "Sewage Sludge Management: From the past to our Century",
publisher = "Nova Science Publishers, Inc.",
address = "United States",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Impact assessment from sewage sludge

AU - Zorpas, Antonis A.

AU - Inglezakis, Vasilis

AU - Voukalli, Irene

PY - 2012/3

Y1 - 2012/3

N2 - Sludge is formed during wastewater treatment. Wastewater may contain certain undesirable components, including organic, inorganic and toxic substances, as well as pathogenic or disease-causing micro-organisms. Sewage sludge is being generated in ever increasing amounts and the dilemma centers on how to find an environmentally acceptable way to utilize sewage. The treatment and disposal of sewage sludge is an expensive and environmentally sensitive problem. It is also a growing problem worldwide since sludge production will continue to increase as new sewage treatment works are built and environmental quality standards become more stringent. With some traditional disposal routes coming under pressure, and others such as sea disposal having been phased out, the challenge facing sludge managers is to find cost-effective and innovative solutions whilst responding to environmental, regulatory and public pressures. Recycling and use of wastes are the preferred options for sustainable development, rather than incineration or landfilling, but with sewage sludge this is not straight forward because of perceptions over contaminants, pathogens and its faecal origin, particularly by the food retailers. If future quality standards for sludge and the receiving environment are made too stringent, the agricultural outlet may become untenable for the water utilities resulting in sludge being disposed of by other means that offer the utilities greater operational and financial security, but which may be less acceptable in the long-term.

AB - Sludge is formed during wastewater treatment. Wastewater may contain certain undesirable components, including organic, inorganic and toxic substances, as well as pathogenic or disease-causing micro-organisms. Sewage sludge is being generated in ever increasing amounts and the dilemma centers on how to find an environmentally acceptable way to utilize sewage. The treatment and disposal of sewage sludge is an expensive and environmentally sensitive problem. It is also a growing problem worldwide since sludge production will continue to increase as new sewage treatment works are built and environmental quality standards become more stringent. With some traditional disposal routes coming under pressure, and others such as sea disposal having been phased out, the challenge facing sludge managers is to find cost-effective and innovative solutions whilst responding to environmental, regulatory and public pressures. Recycling and use of wastes are the preferred options for sustainable development, rather than incineration or landfilling, but with sewage sludge this is not straight forward because of perceptions over contaminants, pathogens and its faecal origin, particularly by the food retailers. If future quality standards for sludge and the receiving environment are made too stringent, the agricultural outlet may become untenable for the water utilities resulting in sludge being disposed of by other means that offer the utilities greater operational and financial security, but which may be less acceptable in the long-term.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84892127731&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84892127731&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84892127731

SN - 9781613243930

SP - 327

EP - 363

BT - Sewage Sludge Management: From the past to our Century

PB - Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

ER -