Impact of gas composition and reservoir heterogeneity on miscible sour gas flooding — A simulation study

Madiyar Koyanbayev, Lei Wang, Yanwei Wang, Muhammad Rehan Hashmet, Randy D. Hazlett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Proper handling of the produced sour gas is a big challenge for operating companies due to the serious environmental and technical problems caused by H2S and CO2. The reinjection of the produced sour gas into oil reservoirs is an environmentally friendly as well as an economically attractive method due to the low investment cost and incremental oil recovery. However, the sour gas injection for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) is a relatively new approach with numerous uncovered perspectives, especially in a heterogeneous reservoir. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of gas composition and reservoir heterogeneity on the miscible displacement of reservoir oil using sour gas. The reservoir oil consisting of 15 mol% H2S and 4 mol% CO2 from an oilfield in the North Caspian region was used. First, the phase behavior alteration of reservoir oil due to the injection of various gases, namely H2S, CO2, CH4, acid, and sour gas was analyzed. Then, the effect of gas type on minimum miscibility pressure (MMP) was investigated based on a semi-analytical tie-line method. Moreover, 2D and 3D numerical simulations were conducted to understand the oil recovery performance of various gas injection options and the effect of permeability heterogeneity on sour gas flooding efficiency. The findings showed that higher H2S content in the injected gas narrows the two-phase envelope and decreases the bubble point pressure. Moreover, it was observed that MMP decreases with increasing H2S concentration, which provides a favorable condition for achieving miscibility. Additionally, an increase in H2S concentration in sour gas improves its oil recovery efficiency by extending gas breakthrough time and elongating the plateau period of oil rate. These results are useful for designing, optimizing, and implementing sour gas injection for EOR in oil reservoirs that have access to sour gas sources.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128267
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2023


  • Sour gas
  • Gas EOR
  • Hydrogen sulfide
  • CO
  • MMP
  • Heterogeneous permeability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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