Improving efficiency in Kazakhstan’s energy system

Aiymgul Kerimray, Kanat Baigarin, Aidyn Bakdolotov, Rocco De Miglio, Gian Carlo Tosato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Kazakhstan is one of the most energy-intensive countries in the world, almost 4 times higher than the world average and 7 times higher than the OECD average. There are various reasons for inefficiencies in Kazakhstan’s energy system: administrative and economic (statistical double counting of energy flows, above normative losses and low profitability), geographic (the extremely continental climate and low population density) and technical considerations (high share of coal in generation mix, high wear on main and auxiliary equipment in energy intensive sectors, high wear on electric lines, dilapidation of housing stock, and an absence of control systems for energy savings) all contribute to the high energy intensity. This study explores energy efficiency potential by analyzing the evolution of the Kazakh energy system. All the technical inefficiencies have been taken into consideration through the explicit representation of existing inefficient technologies/chains in a TIMES-based model. Under the assumptions of a market-oriented development of the economic system, even without specific policies (Business as Usual), the model suggests significant energy efficiency improvement: 22 Mtoe (million tons of oil equivalent) by 2030 and a 40 % reduction in energy intensity of GDP by 2030. The more ambitious policy target of reducing energy intensity of GDP by 40 % by 2020 also appears easily achievable via economically viable solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-150
Number of pages10
JournalLecture Notes in Energy
Volume30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Energy efficiency
Wear of materials
Auxiliary equipment
Economics
Electric lines
Profitability
Energy conservation
Coal
Control systems
Industry
Oils

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Kerimray, A., Baigarin, K., Bakdolotov, A., De Miglio, R., & Tosato, G. C. (2015). Improving efficiency in Kazakhstan’s energy system. Lecture Notes in Energy, 30, 141-150. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16540-0_8

Improving efficiency in Kazakhstan’s energy system. / Kerimray, Aiymgul; Baigarin, Kanat; Bakdolotov, Aidyn; De Miglio, Rocco; Tosato, Gian Carlo.

In: Lecture Notes in Energy, Vol. 30, 2015, p. 141-150.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kerimray, A, Baigarin, K, Bakdolotov, A, De Miglio, R & Tosato, GC 2015, 'Improving efficiency in Kazakhstan’s energy system', Lecture Notes in Energy, vol. 30, pp. 141-150. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16540-0_8
Kerimray A, Baigarin K, Bakdolotov A, De Miglio R, Tosato GC. Improving efficiency in Kazakhstan’s energy system. Lecture Notes in Energy. 2015;30:141-150. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16540-0_8
Kerimray, Aiymgul ; Baigarin, Kanat ; Bakdolotov, Aidyn ; De Miglio, Rocco ; Tosato, Gian Carlo. / Improving efficiency in Kazakhstan’s energy system. In: Lecture Notes in Energy. 2015 ; Vol. 30. pp. 141-150.
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