A medium-temperature/high-temperature (MT/HT) bilayer AlN buffer was introduced for GaN grown on Si(111) by metal organic chemical vapor deposition. The properties of the GaN films with a MT/HT bilayer AlN buffer and those with a single-layer HT-AlN buffer were compared and the influence of the growth temperature of the MT-AlN layer was investigated. With a MT-AlN layer grown in the temperature range from 800 to 1000 °C, the crystalline qualities of the subsequent HT-AlN layer and the GaN film were improved. According to the X-ray diffraction results and the transmission electron microscopy images, the dislocation density in GaN film was reduced with a MT/HT bilayer AlN buffer as compared to those with a single-layer HT-AlN buffer. Moreover, photoluminescence and Raman spectra exhibit enhanced optical properties and less tensile stresses of the GaN film. Better surface morphology of GaN was also obtained with a MT/HT bilayer AlN buffer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)