Influence of MTBE addition into gasoline on automotive exhaust emissions

S. Poulopoulos, C. Philippopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of methyl-t-butyl ether (MTBE) addition into gasoline on the exhaust emissions from internal combustion engines was studied. A four- cylinder OPEL 1.61 engine equipped with a hydraulic brake dynamometer was used in all the experiments. Fuels containing 0.0-11.0% MTBE were used in a wide range of engine operations, and the exhaust gases were analyzed for CO, HC (total unburned hydrocarbons, methane, ethylene) and MTBE, before and after their catalytic treatment by a three-way catalytic converter. The addition of MTBE into gasoline resulted in a decrease in CO and HC emissions only at high engine loading. During cold-start up of the engine, MTBE, HC, CO emissions were significant and increased with MTBE addition into fuel. At the catalytic converter outlet MTBE was detected when its concentration in fuels was greater than 8% and only as long as the catalytic converter operates at low temperatures. Methane and ethylene emissions were comparable for all fuels tested at engine outlet, but methane emissions remained almost at the same level while ethylene emissions were significantly decreased by the catalytic converter. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4781-4786
Number of pages6
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume34
Issue number28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • Catalytic converter
  • Exhaust emissions
  • MTBE addition
  • Oxygenated fuels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

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