Inhibition of human constitutive 20S proteasome and 20S immunoproteasome with novel N-terminally modified peptide aldehydes and their antitumor activity

Marta Lubos, Dawid Dębowski, Ewelina Barcińska, Annika Meid, Iwona Inkielewicz-Stepniak, Timo Burster, Krzysztof Rolka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The conversion of primary structures of novel, highly selective and sensitive, internally quenched peptide substrates of the human 20S proteasome into peptide aldehydes is presented. Such covalent and reversible inhibitors differ in their primary structures and chemical moieties attached to their N-terminal amino group. Inhibitory potency is primarily tested against proteolytic subunits of human constitutive 20S proteasome (β1c, β2c, and β5c subunits), but in some cases, also against 20S immunoproteasome β5i. Most of the peptide aldehydes act nonspecifically and bind equipotently to the corresponding proteolytic subunits of both forms of proteasome (β5c and β5i). Two inhibitors are 2.7-times more specific for immunoproteasome over its constitutive counterpart. The antitumor activity of the selected inhibitors and MG132 (used here as the reference) is analyzed using MTT assay against nonmalignant human fetal osteoblastic hFOB 1.19, malignant human osteosarcoma MG-63, human pancreatic cancer MiaPaCa-2, and human acute leukemia Jurkat T cell lines. All inhibitors tested are able to decrease cell viability in a concentration-dependent manner. One of the peptide aldehydes exerted stronger, as compared to the MG132, activity against human glioblastoma cell line U87-MG. Moreover, its combination with dinaciclib, which is a novel, potent inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases, reduces cellular metabolic activity more potently as compared to either proteasome inhibitor or dinaciclib alone.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere24100
JournalPeptide Science
Volume111
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • glioblastoma
  • immunoproteasome
  • peptide aldehydes
  • proteasome inhibitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Organic Chemistry

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