Integrated knowledge-based assembly sequence planning

X. F. Zha, Samuel Y E Lim, S. C. Fok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a novel approach and system for the automatic generation, selection and evaluation, optimisation, and simulation of assembly plans. The information and knowledge about a product and its assembly (e.g. assembly constraints, solid model and CAD database, heuristic rules) are described using a hybrid approach and model with numeric and symbolic representation. A new methodology is presented to generate all feasible assembly sequences of the product by reasoning and decomposing the feasible subassemblies, and representing them by the assembly Petri net modelling. Qualitative strategic constraints are then used to evaluate the feasible assembly sequences. In order to obtain a good assembly sequence, some quantitative criteria such as assembly time and cost, workstation number, operator number, and part priority index are applied to select the optimal assembly sequence. Based on DFA analysis, MTM time analysis, and assemblability analysis, estimates are made of the assembly time and cost of the product when each of these sequences is used. A knowledge-based system KAPSS has been developed to achieve the integration of generation, selection evaluation, and visualisation of the assembly sequences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-64
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Artificial intelligence
  • Assembly planning
  • Assembly sequence
  • Integration
  • Knowledge- Based system
  • Petri net

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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