The free radical EPR signals of ubisemiquinone in mitochondria and submitochondrial particles (SMP) were investigated. One of the signals observed under the conditions of the respiratory chain highly oxidized and characterized by an unusually short time of the spin-lattice relaxation has previously been termed as SQ-2. The intensity of SQ-2 in SMP strongly depends on pH, the maximal concentration of QH. is reached at about 8.5. The signal is absent in the succinate dehydrogenase-depleted SMP and is highly sensitive to specific inhibitors of succinate: CoQ-oxidoreductase, such as alpha-thenoyltrifluoroacetone and carboxin. In SMP SQ-2 disappears in the presence of low concentrations of ferricyanide, while in mitochondria this non-penetrating oxidant provokes the appearance of SQ-2. The data obtained suggest that SQ-2 belongs to a stable ubisemiquinone which forms a complex with a FeS center of succinate dehydrogenase, is localized at the M-side of the membrane, and is kinetically isolated from the cytochrome chain. Oxidation of the terminal segment of the respiratory chain of mitochondria and SMP reduced by succinate in the presence of antimycin, is in some cases accompanied by an appearance of a strong free radical EPR signal which is stable at 77K but disappears rapidly in the frozen samples at -30- -40 degrees C. It is suggested that the signal is generated by an antimycin-insensitive oxidation of QH2 to QH. via the branch of the respiratory chain comprised of the Rieske FeS-protein and cytochrome c1. The mechanisms of how the two-electron oxidation-reduction of CoQ is coupled with the one-electron transfer through the cytochromes and FeS centers in the respiratory chain are discussed.
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1982|
ASJC Scopus subject areas