Interplay between chain stiffness and excluded volume of semiflexible polymers confined in nanochannels

Abhiram Muralidhar, Douglas R. Tree, Yanwei Wang, Kevin D. Dorfman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The properties of channel-confined semiflexible polymers are determined by a complicated interplay of chain stiffness and excluded volume effects. Using Pruned-Enriched Rosenbluth Method (PERM) simulations, we study the equilibrium properties of channel-confined polymers by systematically controlling chain stiffness and excluded volume. Our calculations of chain extension and confinement free energy for freely jointed chains with and without excluded volume show excellent agreement with theoretical predictions. For ideal wormlike chains, the extension is seen to crossover from Odijk behavior in strong confinement to zero-stretching, bulk-like behavior in weak confinement. In contrast, for self-avoiding wormlike chains, we always observe that the linear scaling of the extension with the contour length is valid in the long-chain limit irrespective of the regime of confinement, owing to the coexistence of stiffness and excluded volume effects. We further propose that the long-chain limit for the extension corresponds to chain lengths wherein the projection of the end-to-end distance along the axis of the channel is nearly equal to the mean span parallel to the axis. For DNA in nanochannels, this limit was identified using PERM simulations out to molecular weights of more than 1 megabase pairs; the molecular weight of λ-DNA is found to exhibit nearly asymptotic fractional extension for channels sizes used commonly in experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number084905
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume140
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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