Investigation of the Optic Nerve Head Morphology Influence to the Optic Nerve Head Biomechanics -Population Specific Model

Match W.L. Ko, Chrissi C.C. Lai, Patrick C.K. Ng, Billy H.Y. Chow, Moses J.S. Woo, Kingsley H.C. Yim, Jong R. Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Glaucoma is an eye disorder potentially leading to permanent blindness through the damage of optic nerves at the optic nerve head (ONH). As a critical region of optic nerve damage, the porous Lamina Cribrosa (LC) in the ONH plays a critical role in determining whether optic nerves passing through will experience apoptosis in response to shear stress. The primary cause of shear stress to the LC is the increase in intraocular pressure (IOP). Since morphology governs how mechanical stresses distributes, LC morphology could be an important factor in determining the risks of glaucoma development and progression. The current project aims at investigating how anterior LC surface morphology impacts its response to shear stress caused by IOP. Results of the current study show that steeper LC morphologies could be associated with increased average shear stress on the anterior LC surface. The effect of LC morphology was comparable to that of IOP. This highlights the potential significance of LC morphology on the distribution of IOP-induced shear stress and calls for further investigation in this area.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages5374-5377
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538613115
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
Event41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: Jul 23 2019Jul 27 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
CountryGermany
CityBerlin
Period7/23/197/27/19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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