Joint space legs trajectory planning for optimal hip-mass carry walk of 4-DOF parallelogram bipedal robot

N. Mir-Nasiri, H. Siswoyo Jo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents joint space trajectory planning strategy for the legs of 4-DOF parallelogram bipedal robot. The use of two sets of pulley-based parallelogram mechanisms in each leg allows to reduce the number of joint actuators by one in each leg and to keep legs' feet parallel to the horizontal walking surface. By reducing some actuators in the legs design the overall weight, energy consumption and complexity of the robot controller can be reduced. The walk patterns presented in the paper allows the body mass carried by the robot hip (main mass in the robot structure) to be always vertically aligned with the center of the foot area during the single-leg supporting phase of the robot. The transfer of the hip mass from one leg base to another leg base is only permitted during two-legged supporting phase when both legs are firmly in touch with the ground. The idea is to keep the robot as much as possible in static balance condition during the dynamic walk and do not let the hip mass and related gravity force to have a moment arm with respect to the stationary foot center point. The two-dimensional spatial trajectory planning to reduce the ground impact during the legs motion has been derived in joint space coordinates form that would significantly simplify the motor control strategy while implementing the walk patterns and designed trajectories on the physical model. Although the paper does not discuss any issues related to the dynamic walk and dynamic properties of robot, the proper selection of the robot components along with statically optimal positioning of the main body mass (hip mass) of the robot while it walks definitely help to reduce unduly inserted disturbance gravity forces that tends to destabilize the robot.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2010 IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, ICMA 2010
Pages616-621
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 29 2010
Event2010 IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, ICMA 2010 - Xi'an, China
Duration: Aug 4 2010Aug 7 2010

Publication series

Name2010 IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, ICMA 2010

Other

Other2010 IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, ICMA 2010
CountryChina
CityXi'an
Period8/4/108/7/10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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