Light diffraction from colloidal crystals with low dielectric constant modulation

Simulations using single-scattering theory

Alexander Tikhonov, Rob D. Coalson, Sanford A. Asher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We theoretically characterized the diffraction properties of both closed-packed and non-closed-packed crystalline colloidal array (CCA) photonic crystals. A general theory based on single-scattering kinematic approach was developed and used to calculate the diffraction efficiency of CCA of different sphere diameters at different incident light angles. Our theory explicitly relates the scattering properties of individual spheres (calculated by using Mie theory) comprising a CCA to the CCA diffraction efficiency. For a CCA with a lattice constant of 380 nm, we calculated the relative diffraction intensities of the fcc (111), (200), and (220) planes and determined which sphere diameter gives rise to the most efficiently diffracting CCA for each set of crystal planes. The effective penetration depth of the light was calculated for several crystal planes of several CCAs of different sphere diameters at different angles of incidence. The typical penetration depth for a CCA comprised of polystyrene spheres was calculated to be in the range of 10-40 CCA layers. A one-dimensional (1D) model of diffraction from the stack of (111) fcc crystal layers was developed and used to assess the role of multiple scattering and to test our single-scattering approach. The role of disorder was studied by using this 1D scattering model. Our methodology will be useful for the optimization of photonic crystal coating materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235404
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume77
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 3 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Permittivity
Diffraction
Modulation
Scattering
permittivity
Crystalline materials
modulation
Crystals
scattering
diffraction
crystals
simulation
Diffraction efficiency
Photonic crystals
penetration
photonics
Multiple scattering
Polystyrenes
Mie scattering
Lattice constants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "We theoretically characterized the diffraction properties of both closed-packed and non-closed-packed crystalline colloidal array (CCA) photonic crystals. A general theory based on single-scattering kinematic approach was developed and used to calculate the diffraction efficiency of CCA of different sphere diameters at different incident light angles. Our theory explicitly relates the scattering properties of individual spheres (calculated by using Mie theory) comprising a CCA to the CCA diffraction efficiency. For a CCA with a lattice constant of 380 nm, we calculated the relative diffraction intensities of the fcc (111), (200), and (220) planes and determined which sphere diameter gives rise to the most efficiently diffracting CCA for each set of crystal planes. The effective penetration depth of the light was calculated for several crystal planes of several CCAs of different sphere diameters at different angles of incidence. The typical penetration depth for a CCA comprised of polystyrene spheres was calculated to be in the range of 10-40 CCA layers. A one-dimensional (1D) model of diffraction from the stack of (111) fcc crystal layers was developed and used to assess the role of multiple scattering and to test our single-scattering approach. The role of disorder was studied by using this 1D scattering model. Our methodology will be useful for the optimization of photonic crystal coating materials.",
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