Macro-scale complexity of nano- to micro-scale architecture of olivine crystals through an iodine vapour transport mechanism

Raymond L.D. Whitby, Takahiro Fukuda, Toru Maekawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The production of nano- to micro-scale olivine (magnesium and iron silicate) crystals has been achieved at relatively low temperatures through an iodine vapour transport of the metal onto amorphous silicon dioxide. The process occurs down a temperature gradient from 800 to 600 ?C yielding high quality crystals with long range crystallinity, highly complex interconnectivity and intricate macroscale architecture. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging of the substrate before and after the reaction reveals that the amorphous silicon oxide species is mobile, due to the lack of correlation between the silicon oxide layer and the final olivine particles, leading to a vapour-liquid-solid or vapour-solid growth mechanism. This technique demonstrates a facile, low temperature synthetic route towards olivine crystals with nano- to micro-scale dimensions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-245
Number of pages7
JournalBulletin of Materials Science
Volume37
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

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Keywords

  • Architecture
  • Fayalite
  • Forsterite
  • Iodine vapour transport
  • Nanocrystals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

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