Magnified imaging based on non-Hermitian nonlocal cylindrical metasurfaces

Silvio Savoia, Constantinos A. Valagiannopoulos, Francesco Monticone, Giuseppe Castaldi, Vincenzo Galdi, Andrea Alù

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


We show that a cylindrical lensing system composed of two metasurfaces with suitably tailored non-Hermitian (i.e., with distributed gain and loss) and nonlocal (i.e., spatially dispersive) properties can perform magnified imaging with reduced aberrations. More specifically, we analytically derive the idealized surface-impedance values that are required for "perfect" magnification and imaging and elucidate the role and implications of non-Hermiticity and nonlocality in terms of spatial resolution and practical implementation. For a basic demonstration, we explore some proof-of-principle quasilocal and multilayered implementations and independently validate the outcomes via full-wave numerical simulations. We also show that the metasurface frequency-dispersion laws can be chosen so as to ensure unconditional stability with respect to arbitrary temporal excitations. These results, which extend previous studies on planar configurations, may open intriguing venues in the design of metastructures for field imaging and processing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115114
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Mar 8 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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