Manufacturing of sintered lightweight aggregate using high-carbon fly ash and its effect on the mechanical properties and microstructure of concrete

Tommy Yiu Lo, Hongzhi Cui, Shazim Ali Memon, Takafumi Noguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fly ash is the largest source of industrial solid waste in China. Fly ash with its high content of unburned carbon has to be discarded in landfills and cause environmental problem. To reduce the environmental impacts, lightweight aggregate (LWA) was manufactured utilizing high-carbon fly ash (HCFA) (loss on ignition, LOI = ∼16.3%). Trial tests were conducted on high-carbon fly ash lightweight aggregate (HCFA-LWA) in a laboratory electric furnace and in a manufacturer's batch furnace. A new temperature profile was proposed for the HCFA-LWA sintering process in which carbon served as a partial fuel substitute during the burning period, which can decrease the sintering period in the sintering stage of the LWA and save energy. Then, the mechanical properties and microstructure of lightweight concrete made with the HCFA-LWA were studied. The microscopic investigation of the interfacial transition zone showed that the cement paste infiltrated into the rough surface of the HCFA-LWA and improved the mechanical interlocking between the cement paste and the HCFA-LWA. Test results showed that the HCFA-LWA concrete developed 91% of the 28 d compressive strength within 7 d. The modulus of elasticity and tensile strength were also comparable to similar grades of LWA concretes. Therefore, HCFA-LWA can be used for structural applications. The utilization of HCFA-LWA in concrete would solve the waste disposal problems that are associated with fly ash and help reduce pollution to the environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)753-762
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume112
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 20 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Concrete
  • High-carbon fly ash
  • Lightweight aggregate
  • Mechanical properties
  • Microstructure
  • Temperature regime

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management

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