Mechanical performance of novel cement-based composites prepared with nano-fibres, and hybrid nano- and micro-fibres

S. Alrekabi, A. B. Cundy, A. Lampropoulos, R. L.D. Whitby, I. Savina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Use of hybrid fibre composites that exploit the synergistic effect of nano- and micro-additives can potentially lead to significant improvements in the toughness and mechanical properties of fibre reinforced cementitious materials. In this study, the mechanical properties of two types of novel cementitious composite (Carbon Nano-Fibre (CNF) Composites, and Hybrid-Fibre Composites) at various curing ages have been evaluated, along with their microstructure. Experimental results show a positive impact of nano-fibres on the mechanical performance of the cementitious composites: improvements of 40% in flexural strength, 45% in tensile strength, and 85% in toughness were observed when a low mass % (0.025%) of CNFs was combined with steel fibres. SEM observations revealed that reinforcement at the nanoscale prevented nano-crack development within the composites, with a greater amount of energy required to initiate and propagate cracks and cause material failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-156
Number of pages12
JournalComposite Structures
Volume178
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2017

Keywords

  • Carbon fibres
  • Hybrid composites
  • Nanocomposites
  • Reinforced concretes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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