Mesoporous carbide-derived carbon for cytokine removal from blood plasma

Saujanya Yachamaneni, Gleb Yushin, Sun Hwa Yeon, Yury Gogotsi, Carol Howell, Susan Sandeman, Gary Phillips, Sergey Mikhalovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Porous carbons can be used for purification of bio-fluids due to their excellent biocompatibility with blood. Since the ability to adsorb a range of inflammatory cytokines within the shortest possible time is crucial to stop the progression of sepsis, the improvement of the adsorption rate is a key factor to achieving efficient removal of cytokines. Here, we demonstrate the effect of synthesis temperatures (from 600°C to 1200°C), carbon particle sizes (from below 35μm to 300μm), and annealing conditions (Ar, NH3, H2, Cl2, and vacuum annealing) that determine the surface chemistry, on the ability of carbide-derived carbons (CDCs) to remove cytokines TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β from blood plasma. Optimization of CDC processing and structure leads to up to two orders of magnitude increase in the adsorption rate. Mesoporous CDCs that were produced at 800°C from Ti2AlC with the precursor particle size of <35μm and annealed in NH3, displayed complete removal of large molecules of TNF-α in less than an hour, with >85% and >95% TNF-α removal in 5 and 30min, respectively. This is a very significant improvement compared to the previously published results for CDC (90% TNF-α removal after 1h) and activated carbons. Smaller interleukin IL-6 and IL-1β molecules can be completely removed within 5min. These differences in adsorption rates show that carbons with controlled porosity can also be used for separation of protein molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4789-4794
Number of pages6
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2010


  • Carbide derived-carbon
  • Cytokine
  • MAX phase
  • Mesoporous carbon
  • Protein adsorption
  • Sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Mesoporous carbide-derived carbon for cytokine removal from blood plasma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this