Minimizing inter-subject variability in fNIRS-based brain-computer interfaces via multiple-kernel support vector learning

Berdakh Abibullaev, Jinung An, Sang Hyeon Jin, Seung Hyun Lee, Jeon Il Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Brain signal variation across different subjects and sessions significantly impairs the accuracy of most brain-computer interface (BCI) systems. Herein, we present a classification algorithm that minimizes such variation, using linear programming support-vector machines (LP-SVM) and their extension to multiple kernel learning methods. The minimization is based on the decision boundaries formed in classifiers' feature spaces and their relation to BCI variation. Specifically, we estimate subject/session-invariant features in the reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces (RKHS) induced with Gaussian kernels. The idea is to construct multiple subject/session-dependent RKHS and to perform classification with LP-SVMs. To evaluate the performance of the algorithm, we applied it to oxy-hemoglobin data sets acquired from eight sessions and seven subjects as they performed two different mental tasks. Results show that our classifiers maintain good performance when applied to random patterns across varying sessions/subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1811-1818
Number of pages8
JournalMedical Engineering and Physics
Volume35
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2013

Keywords

  • Brain-computer interfaces
  • Functional near-infrared spectroscopy
  • Inter-subject variability
  • Multiple kernel learning
  • RKHS
  • Support vector machines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering

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