Modeling arcs

Z. Insepov, J. Norem, S. Vetizer, S. Mahalingam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)


Although vacuum arcs were first identified over 110 years ago, they are not yet well understood. We have since developed a model of breakdown and gradient limits that tries to explain, in a self-consistent way: arc triggering, plasma initiation, plasma evolution, surface damage and gradient limits. We use simple PIC codes for modeling plasmas, molecular dynamics for modeling surface breakdown, and surface damage, and mesoscale surface thermodynamics and finite element electrostatic codes for to evaluate surface properties. Since any given experiment seems to have more variables than data points, we have tried to consider a wide variety of arcing (rf structures, e beam welding, laser ablation, etc.) to help constrain the problem, and concentrate on common mechanisms. While the mechanisms can be comparatively simple, modeling can be challenging.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRadio Frequency Power in Plasmas - Proceedings of the 19th Topical Conference
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event19th Topical Conference on Radio Frequency Power in Plasmas - Newport, RI, United States
Duration: Jun 1 2011Jul 3 2011

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616


Other19th Topical Conference on Radio Frequency Power in Plasmas
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNewport, RI


  • accelerators
  • arcing
  • gradient limits
  • unipolar arcs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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