Modeling, Control, and Operation of an M-DAB DC–DC Converter for Interconnection of HVDC Grids

Seyed Saeid Heidari Yazdi, Kumars Rouzbehi, Miguel Jimenez Carrizosa, Amir Heidary, Mehdi Bagheri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Future high-voltage direct-current (HVDC) networks based on voltage source converters (VSCs) will have different structures (asymmetric monopolar, bipolar, or symmetric monopolar), voltage levels, control, and protection schemes. Therefore, dc–dc converters are needed to interconnect those VSC-HVDC grids and several technical issues on their control and operational systems must be adequately addressed. A dc–dc converter based on a modular-dual active bridge (M-DAB) converter is suggested to reach a desirable interconnection of the HVDC grids and regulate power flow (PF) between them. A dynamic averaged model is proposed for the M-DAB converter and its stability is analyzed using the Lyapunov function. Moreover, a new local controller based on nonlinear control theory is proposed for the M-DAB. The new M-DAB local controller is integrated with the energy management system (EMS), by updating the PF equations, to create a complete control structure. Considering the CIGRE DCS3 HVDC test system and the studied M-DAB, static, dynamic simulation, and experimental studies are conducted and the dc–dc converter and the performance of the designed controllers and the EMS are examined and validated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Systems Journal
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Control systems
  • DC–DC converter
  • HVDC grids interconnection
  • HVDC transmission
  • modular dual active bridge (M-DAB) converter
  • Modulation
  • MT-HVDC grids
  • nonlinear control
  • Switches
  • Topology
  • Transformers
  • Voltage control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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