Molecular dynamics simulation of a carbon cluster ion impacting on a carbon surface

Takaaki Aoki, Toshio Seki, Jiro Matsuo, Zinetulla Insepov, Isao Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


High-density irradiation effects were studied by molecular dynamics simulations of fullerene (C60) impacting on a carbon surface. When a C60 ion with the incident energy of nearly 200 eV per atom impacts on the solid surface, an effect termed 'clearing-way (CW) effect' occurs. This effect is due to the high energy density and coherency of incident atoms. The penetration depth of C60 is deeper than that of the carbon monomer (C1) with 200 eV because of the CW effect, but shallower than that of the carbon monomer with 12 keV (200 eV per atom × 60). This result is attributed to a second effect termed 'multiple-collision (MC) effect'. This effect is caused by a large number of collisions between the incident and surface atoms that occur at the impact, and these collisions transfer the larger component of the momenta of the cluster to the lateral direction, unlike the monomer ion impact. Therefore, the penetration depth is proportional to the cube root of the incident energy, and the stopping power is magnified compared with the carbon monomer. When the incident energy of the cluster increases, both the cross-section of the impact and the number of collisions decrease, the MC effect is reduced and the behavior of incident atoms becomes similar to that of the monomer ions. On the contrary, when the incident energy of a cluster is less than the threshold energy of implantation, a cluster dissociates on the solid surface without implantation and the MC effect does not occur. It is shown that the range of incident energy where C60 shows a non-linear impact effect is from about 100 eV per atom to 2 keV per atom.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-142
Number of pages4
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Clusters
  • Fullerene
  • Implantation
  • Molecular dynamics
  • Stopping power

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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