National Identity and the History Curriculum: Nation Making in the Shadow of Partition

Naureen Durrani, Ahmed Salehin Kaderi, Kusha Anand

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


This chapter explores the ways India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh use their shared history to construct a national identity and promote social cohesion within their respective countries. The history curriculum in each country has undergone revisions with a change in government in support of specific political ideologies. The relationship of religion to national identity remains fluid but central in each case. With some exceptions, the nation in each country context is discursively constituted as seamlessly similar internally by invoking specific identity markers. This draws boundaries against the external “other” but also excludes internal “others” who become “illegitimate” citizens. The implications of the history curriculum on social cohesion and cross-border relations are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Education Systems in South Asia
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 30 2020


  • History curriculum
  • Textbooks
  • National identity
  • Social cohesion
  • Pakistan
  • India
  • Bangladesh

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