Neuromorphic adaptive edge-preserving denoising filter

Aidana Irmanova, Olga Krestinskaya, Alex Pappachen James

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we present on-sensor neuromorphic vision hardware implementation of denoising spatial filter. The mean or median spatial filters with fixed window shape are known for its denoising ability, however, have the drawback of blurring the object edges. The effect of blurring increases with an increase in window size. To preserve the edge information, we propose an adaptive spatial filter that uses neuron's ability to detect similar pixels and calculates the mean. The analog input differences of neighborhood pixels are converted to the chain of pulses with voltage controlled oscillator and applied as neuron input. When the input pulses charge the neuron to equal or greater level than its threshold, the neuron will fire, and pixels are identified as similar. The sequence of the neuron's responses for pixels is stored in the serial-in-parallel-out shift register. The outputs of shift registers are used as input to the selector switches of an averaging circuit making this an adaptive mean operation resulting in an edge preserving mean filter. System level simulation of the hardware is conducted using 150 images from Caltech database with added Gaussian noise to test the robustness of edge-preserving and denoising ability of the proposed filter. Threshold values of the hardware neuron were adjusted so that the proposed edge-preserving spatial filter achieves optimal performance in terms of PSNR and MSE, and these results outperforms that of the conventional mean and median filters.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 IEEE International Conference on Rebooting Computing, ICRC 2017 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1-6
Number of pages6
Volume2017-January
ISBN (Electronic)9781538615539
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 28 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event2017 IEEE International Conference on Rebooting Computing, ICRC 2017 - Washington, United States
Duration: Nov 8 2017Nov 9 2017

Conference

Conference2017 IEEE International Conference on Rebooting Computing, ICRC 2017
CountryUnited States
CityWashington
Period11/8/1711/9/17

Keywords

  • Denoising
  • G-neighbor filter
  • Mean filter
  • Neuron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software

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