BACKGROUND: High-dose methotrexate (HDMTX) is likely to cause a number of side effects and manifest itself as hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, mucositis, and neurotoxicity. A several studies demonstrated the efficacy of extracorporeal detoxification methods such as plasma exchange, hemodialysis (HD), HD filtration, and hemoperfusion for the treatment of MTX delayed clearance. However, none of the existing methods as effective as expected and limited for general implementation due to a procedure-related complication.
CASE REPORT: Here, we report a successful implementation of HA-230 hemoadsorption procedure to remove cumulated MTX from the body and reduce its toxicity in a child with ALL after high-dose chemotherapy.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Based on our results, single-hemoadsorption procedure with the HA-230 adsorber in case of delayed methotrexate clearance was safe and well-tolerated in a pediatric patient with ALL and would significantly improve the patient's condition. Further studies need to demonstrate its safety and efficacy in a large number of pediatric patients.