Noncollagenous, nonproteoglycan macromolecules of cartilage

P. J. Neame, H. Tapp, A. Azizan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extracellular matrix comprises approximately 90% of cartilage, with collagens and proteoglycans making up the bulk of the tissue. In recent years, several abundant cartilage proteins that are neither collagens nor proteoglycans have been characterized in detail. The putative roles of these proteins range from involvement in matrix organization or matrix-cell signaling (PRELP, chondroadherin, cartilage oligomeric protein and cartilage matrix protein) through to molecules that are likely to be involved with modulation of the chondrocyte phenotype (CD-RAP, CDMPs, chondromodulin and pleiotrophin). Other molecules, such as the cartilage-derived C-type lectin and cartilage intermediate layer protein have no role as yet. Due to the difficulties associated with experimentally manipulating a tissue that is 90% extracellular matrix in a manner that can be readily transferred to the whole organism, many of these molecules have been focused on by a surprisingly small number of researchers. This review focuses on newly discovered proteins and glycoproteins in cartilage, with a bias towards those that have structural roles or that are unique to cartilage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1327-1340
Number of pages14
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Volume55
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cartilage
Macromolecules
Proteoglycans
Proteins
Extracellular Matrix
Matrilin Proteins
Molecules
Collagen
C-Type Lectins
Tissue
Cell signaling
Chondrocytes
Glycoproteins
Research Personnel
Phenotype
Modulation

Keywords

  • Bone
  • Cartilage
  • Development
  • Protein structure
  • Skeleton

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Noncollagenous, nonproteoglycan macromolecules of cartilage. / Neame, P. J.; Tapp, H.; Azizan, A.

In: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, Vol. 55, No. 10, 15.08.1999, p. 1327-1340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Neame, P. J. ; Tapp, H. ; Azizan, A. / Noncollagenous, nonproteoglycan macromolecules of cartilage. In: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. 1999 ; Vol. 55, No. 10. pp. 1327-1340.
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