Not all students are online: The case of business graduate students in Kazakhstan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Graduate students who are on the go prefer to have research help virtually for convenience. But, not in the case of Kazakhstan. Our two-year data would show that almost half of the transactions we recorded are face-to-face encounters. While business graduate students use e-mail and chat for research help, they mostly prefer physical interaction. They visit the library on-site for multiple reasons. This study will provide us insights that despite the provision of technological enhancements for online communication and virtual reference, graduate students show up in the library to ask in-person research assistance. This article will describe the types of transactions received from graduate business students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-29
Number of pages5
JournalBusiness Information Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020


  • Graduate business students
  • Kazakhstan
  • reference questions
  • virtual reference service

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)


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