Numerical modeling of thermal flows in entrance channels for polymer extrusion: A parametric study

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Flow distribution channels in extrusion dies are typically designed to assure uniform fluid velocity, pressure and temperature in the outlets. To ensure this uniformity, it is desirable to have the fluid melt to reach a steady state temperature in the entrance channel before entering the die body. This paper numerically investigates the temperature distribution of the fluid melt in the entrance channel. Analytical solutions of the velocity and finite element solutions of temperature distribution in Poiseuille flows of polypropylene melt with the Casson rheology model were derived and presented. In the velocity solution, the critical point that separates the core and the remaining parts in the flow was calculated by using the inlet flow rate and the yield stress in the Casson model. The velocity distribution was then substituted into the convective heat equation for temperature distribution simulations. A finite difference scheme was used to obtain the temperature distribution profiles along the flow direction in a parallel-plate, while the finite element model was used to model the flow temperature in circular tubes. The main outcome is the parametric analyses of the effect of various parameters such as radius, wall temperature, inlet temperature, and pressure drop to the optimal length of the channels required for the flow temperature to reach the steady state.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1256
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • Casson model
  • Circular tube
  • Extrusion die
  • Finite element method
  • Parallel-plate
  • Poiseuille flows

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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