Ohmic contact formation mechanism of Ta/Al/Mo/Au and Ti/Al/Mo/Au metallizations on Al/GaN/GaN HEMTs

Fitih M. Mohammed, Liang Wang, Deepak Selvanathan, Hubert Hu, Ilesanmi Adesida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A comparative study of TaAlMoAu and TiAlMoAu metallizations for AlGaNGaN high electron mobility transistors is presented. By the optimization of surface treatment schemes and annealing temperature, contact resistances of 0.172 and 0.228 Ω mm, and specific contact resistivities of 2.96× 10-7 and 1.09× 10-6 Ω cm2 were obtained for TiAlMoAu and TaAlMoAu, respectively. Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were utilized to study microstructural changes occurring in the metallization layers as a result of heat treatment. Results indicate dynamic systems of severe intermixing between atoms from the metallization layers and epilayers resulting in changes in surface morphology, as determined by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The formation of intermetallics and interfacial compounds was observed. The combined effect of surface treatment and annealing-induced reaction is proposed as the mechanisms for low-resistance Ohmic contact formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2330-2335
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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