Oligomenorrhoea in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus: Relationship to glycaemic control

Anna Deltsidou, Chryssoula Lemonidou, Vasilios Zarikas, Vassiliki Matziou, Christos S. Bartsocas

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To investigate oligomenorrhoea in adolescents with type 1 diabetes and the possible relationship with glycaemic control. Study design: The study group consisted of 81 female adolescents with type 1 diabetes whose mean age was 15.0 years (range 12-18). The control group consisted of 205 healthy adolescents with a mean age of 15.5 years (range 12-18). Data on menstruation were collected by two parallel self-administered questionnaires. Oligomenorrhoea was defined as having a menstrual cycle longer than 36 days throughout the past year (5-6/year). The metabolic control of diabetes was evaluated by calculating the mean value of HbA1c during the past year. Results: Age of menarche was greater for adolescents with type 1 diabetes (12.2 ± 1.4 vs. 11.7 ± 1.2, p < 0.000) compared to healthy age-matched controls. Logistic regression analysis with oligomenorrhoea as the dependent binary variable revealed an odds ratio equal to 7.8 (95% CI 3.411-17.853) for adolescents with type 1 diabetes (p < 0.000). Finally, a second logistic regression analysis, concerning only adolescents with type 1 diabetes and with the same binary variable, estimated an odds ratio of 4.8 (95% CI 1.784-13.057, p < 0.002) for HbA1c, and an odds ratio of 5.3 (95% CI 1.821-15.130, p < 0.002) for the frequency of hypoglycaemia. Conclusion: In adolescents with type 1 diabetes, menarche occurs later and oligomenorrhoea is more frequent. The relative risk of having oligomenorrhoea is greater when there is an increased value of HbA1c or when hypoglycaemia is more frequent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-66
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010


  • Amenorrhoea
  • HbA1c
  • Menstrual disorders
  • Oligomenorrhoea
  • Type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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