On the Local Origins of the Soviet Attack on “Religious” Waqf in the Uzbek SSR (1927)

Beatrice Penati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article studies when, how, and by whom the decision to nationalise land properties the rent from which supported mosques, shrines, and hostels (rather than schools) was first taken in Soviet Uzbekistan. Through a quasi-philological reconstruction of the drafting process behind the land reform decree in a peripheral area of Fergana, the article demonstrates how local power dynamics produced incentives for provincial Party and Soviet leaders to prove themselves better Bosheviks than their neighbours. A close scrutiny of chains of command is essential for capturing the importance of local political agency, pace top-down interpretations that privilege Moscow's or Samarkand's viewpoints instead.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-72
Number of pages33
JournalActa Slavica Iaponica
Volume26
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Shrines
Land Reform
Provincial
Neighbors
Mosque
Moscow
Rent
Privilege
Local Power
Incentives
Attack
Top-down
Uzbekistan
Decree
Waqf
Religion
Scrutiny

Cite this

On the Local Origins of the Soviet Attack on “Religious” Waqf in the Uzbek SSR (1927). / Penati, Beatrice.

In: Acta Slavica Iaponica, Vol. 26, 2015, p. 39-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{59a06e8081194030b985f24ea4af3c7b,
title = "On the Local Origins of the Soviet Attack on “Religious” Waqf in the Uzbek SSR (1927)",
abstract = "This article studies when, how, and by whom the decision to nationalise land properties the rent from which supported mosques, shrines, and hostels (rather than schools) was first taken in Soviet Uzbekistan. Through a quasi-philological reconstruction of the drafting process behind the land reform decree in a peripheral area of Fergana, the article demonstrates how local power dynamics produced incentives for provincial Party and Soviet leaders to prove themselves better Bosheviks than their neighbours. A close scrutiny of chains of command is essential for capturing the importance of local political agency, pace top-down interpretations that privilege Moscow's or Samarkand's viewpoints instead.",
author = "Beatrice Penati",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "39--72",
journal = "Acta Slavica Iaponica",
issn = "0288-3503",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the Local Origins of the Soviet Attack on “Religious” Waqf in the Uzbek SSR (1927)

AU - Penati, Beatrice

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - This article studies when, how, and by whom the decision to nationalise land properties the rent from which supported mosques, shrines, and hostels (rather than schools) was first taken in Soviet Uzbekistan. Through a quasi-philological reconstruction of the drafting process behind the land reform decree in a peripheral area of Fergana, the article demonstrates how local power dynamics produced incentives for provincial Party and Soviet leaders to prove themselves better Bosheviks than their neighbours. A close scrutiny of chains of command is essential for capturing the importance of local political agency, pace top-down interpretations that privilege Moscow's or Samarkand's viewpoints instead.

AB - This article studies when, how, and by whom the decision to nationalise land properties the rent from which supported mosques, shrines, and hostels (rather than schools) was first taken in Soviet Uzbekistan. Through a quasi-philological reconstruction of the drafting process behind the land reform decree in a peripheral area of Fergana, the article demonstrates how local power dynamics produced incentives for provincial Party and Soviet leaders to prove themselves better Bosheviks than their neighbours. A close scrutiny of chains of command is essential for capturing the importance of local political agency, pace top-down interpretations that privilege Moscow's or Samarkand's viewpoints instead.

UR - http://src-h.slav.hokudai.ac.jp/publictn/acta/36/pp.39-72.pdf

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 39

EP - 72

JO - Acta Slavica Iaponica

JF - Acta Slavica Iaponica

SN - 0288-3503

ER -