On the Performance of LMS Communication with Hardware Impairments and Interference

Kefeng Guo, Min Lin, Bangning Zhang, Wei Ping Zhu, Jun Bo Wang, Theodoros Tsiftsis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates the performance of a dual-hop decode-and-forward (DF) relaying-aided land mobile satellite communication over Shadowed-Rician (SR) fading channels. A practical model for the satellite relaying system is first developed, where the impacts of satellite multi-beam antenna, radio propagation loss, and random shadowing are taken into account. Next, by assuming that the multi-beam satellite suffers from hardware impairments (HIs) and is perturbed by interference signals, we derive an equivalent end-to-end signal-to-interference-plus-noise-and-distortion-ratio of the system, and justify that the maximum ratio transmission at the source and the maximum ratio combining at the destination are the optimal transmit-receive beamforming schemes on the proposed HIs model. Then, closed-form expressions for the probability density function (PDF) of the sum of independent and identically distributed (i.i.d) squared SR random variables in the case of integer and rational Nakagami-$m$ fading parameters are derived. Based on the derived PDF, new analytical expressions for the outage probability (OP) and average throughput are obtained in the presence of HIs and interference. Moreover, the asymptotic OP and average throughput at high signal-to-noise ratio are investigated to reveal the achievable diversity order of the system. Finally, Monte Carlo simulation results are provided to corroborate the analytical results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8517118
Pages (from-to)1490-1505
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019


  • Decode-and-forward (DF) protocol
  • dual-hop satellite relay
  • hardware impairments (HIs)
  • interference
  • land mobile satellite (LMS) communication
  • performance analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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