Opportunistic relaying for MIMO amplify-and-forward cooperative networks

Behrouz Maham, Are Hjørungnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


We consider a wireless relay network with multiple antenna terminals over Rayleigh fading channels, and apply distributed space-time coding (DSTC) in amplify-and-forward (A&F) mode. The A&F scheme is used in a way that each relay transmits a scaled version of the linear combination of the received symbols. It turns out that, combined with power allocation in the relays, A&F DSTC results in an opportunistic relaying scheme, in which only the best relay is selected to retransmit the source's space-time coded signal. Furthermore, assuming the knowledge of source-relay CSI at the source node, we design an efficient power allocation which outperforms uniform power allocation across the source antennas. Next, assuming M-PSK or M-QAM modulations, we analyze the performance of the proposed cooperative diversity transmission schemes in a wireless relay networks with the multiple-antenna source and destination. We derive the probability density function (PDF) of the received SNR at the destination. Then, the PDF is used to determine the symbol error rate (SER) in Rayleigh fading channels. We derived closed-form approximations of the average SER in the high SNR scenario, from which we find the diversity order of system R min{N s, N d }, where R, N s, and N d are the number of the relays, source antennas, and destination antennas, respectively. Simulation results show that the proposed system obtain more than 6 dB gain in SNR over A&F MIMO DSTC for BER 10-4, when R = 2, N s = 2, and N d = 1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1067-1091
Number of pages25
JournalWireless Personal Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013


  • Coopeative communications
  • Performance analysis
  • Relay networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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