Optical trapping for chromosome manipulation: A wavelength dependence of induced chromosome bridges

I. A. Vorobjev, H. Liang, W. H. Wright, M. W. Berns

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59 Citations (Scopus)


Using a tunable titanium-sapphire laser, we have compared different wavelengths (from 700 to 840 nm) for their utility in optical trapping of chromosomes in mitotic rat kangaroo Potorous tridactylus (PtK 2) cells. It was found that irradiation with a near-infrared light induces the sticking together of chromosome shoulders. The attached chromatids failed to separate, or separated with significant delay and formed a chromosome bridge during anaphase. Using this bridge (and induced c-mitosis) as a reference, we compared the action of different wavelengths (from 700 to 840 nm). Chromosomes were irradiated at metaphase and the cells were observed until the end of cytokinesis. Chromosomes were irradiated for different periods of time, using 130 mW of power at the objective focal plane. The biological responses observed after optical trapping were: (1) normal cell division, (2) formation of a temporary chromosome bridge, (3) formation of a permanent chromosome bridge, (4) complete blockage of chromosome separation (c-mitosis). The chromosomes were found to have a maximal sensitivity to 760-765 nm light and minimal sensitivity to 700 and 800-820 nm light. Cells with chromosomes irradiated for a long time, using wavelength 760-765 nm, generally were incapable of going through anaphase and remained in c-mitosis. We conclude that the optimal wavelengths for optical trapping are 700 and 800-820 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-538
Number of pages6
JournalBiophysical Journal
Issue number2 I
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

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