Optimal feedback design for mixing enhancement in boundary layers of membrane systems

Hua Ouyang, Jie Bao, Gustavo A. Fimbres Weihs, Dianne E. Wiley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper proposes a scheme for improving the mixing in the boundary layer of pressure-driven membrane systems such as reverse osmosis and ultrafiltration. Through application of an external electric field, a flow of ions in the vicinity of the membrane surface will be generated, creating simultaneous electro-osmotic flow that should reduce the concentration polarization on the membrane surface. The objective of feedback design for this system is to determine the voltage (and waveform) required to produce an electric field that can effectively increase mixing in the vicinity of the membrane wall. This paper uses a mixing index in terms of a measure of spatial gradients of the perturbation velocities, which describes the mixing caused by both length stretching and vortices. An optimal control problem is defined and a control strategy is developed to achieve mixing enhancement and improve energy efficiency. The efficacy of the feedback scheme is validated by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations. The control law presented in this paper shows the desired waveforms for such applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2012 2nd Australian Control Conference, AUCC 2012
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages86-91
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781922107633
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012
Event2nd Australian Control Conference, AUCC 2012 - Sydney, NSW, Australia
Duration: Nov 15 2012Nov 16 2012

Publication series

Name2012 2nd Australian Control Conference, AUCC 2012

Other

Other2nd Australian Control Conference, AUCC 2012
CountryAustralia
CitySydney, NSW
Period11/15/1211/16/12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering

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