Organizational knowledge creation theory: A first comprehensive test

Ikujiro Nonaka, Philippe Byosiere, Chester C. Borucki, Noboru Konno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

277 Citations (Scopus)


Confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to test Nonaka's ((1994) Organization Science, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 14-37) a priori model of organizational knowledge creation with data collected from 105 Japanese middle managers. The results provide strong support for viewing organizational knowledge creation as a higher-order construct comprised of four knowledge conversion processes: socialization, externalization, combination, and internalization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-351
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Business Review
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1994


  • Combination
  • Confirmatory Factor Analyses
  • Externalization
  • Internalization
  • Organizational Knowledge Creation
  • Socialization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Finance
  • Marketing

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