Overview of long short-term memory neural networks

Kamilya Smagulova, Alex James Pappachen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)


Long Short-term Memory was designed to avoid vanishing and exploding gradient problems in recurrent neural networks. Over the last twenty years, various modifications of an original LSTM cell were proposed. This chapter gives an overview of basic LSTM cell structures and demonstrates forward and backward propagation within the most widely used configuration called traditional LSTM cell. Besides, LSTM neural network configurations are described.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationModeling and Optimization in Science and Technologies
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020

Publication series

NameModeling and Optimization in Science and Technologies
ISSN (Print)2196-7326
ISSN (Electronic)2196-7334

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Medical Assisting and Transcription
  • Applied Mathematics

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