Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), the most aggressive and lethal form of renal cell carcinoma accounts for over 90% of metastasis that occur following curative surgery for clinically confined disease. High relapse rates have prompted the evaluation of targeted therapies for the prevention or delay of metastatic disease in highrisk patients, with biomarkers offering significant potential to guide and improve patient management in this setting. In this current study we examined the value of the 4E-BP1/eIF4E axis for prognostic significance and risk stratification in patients with clinically confined ccRCC. This axis is a critical convergence point for many signalling pathways that are targeted by current therapies for the treatment of advanced RCC. Immunohistochemistry for phosphorylated 4E-BP1 (p4E-BP1) and total eIF4E was performed on tissue microarrays containing tumour cores from 135 patients with localised ccRCC. For both biomarkers 39% of all evaluable cores stained positive, with a strong correlation observed between the presence of p4E-BP1 and the overexpression of eIF4E within the same tumour (P = 0.005). Further, the combined expression of p4E-BP1 and eIF4E was associated with significantly worse diseasefree survival of 2.9 vs 5.7 yrs compared to patients whose tumours expressed only one, or neither, of the biomarkers (P < 0.001). Cox-regression analysis confirmed the ability of the p4EBP1/eIF4E signature to independently identify high-risk patients with a Hazard Ratio of 4.2 (CI = 2.1-8.6; P < 0.001), compared to 3.3 for tumour grade 3 and 4, and 2.3 for tumour stage 3 and 4. These data show the powerful prognostic value of the p4E-BP1/eIF4E signature for potential management of patients with clinically confined ccRCC, and in addition provides insights into the possible key synergistic determinants of disease progression and treatment response.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||American Journal of Cancer Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
- Clear cell renal cell carcinoma
- Metastatic disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research