Photonic crystals for optimal color conversion in light-emitting diodes: A semi-analytical approach

Constantinos Valagiannopoulos, Pavlos G. Lagoudakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Based on effective-medium approximation, we analytically optimize the color conversion of GaN-based lightemitting p-n junctions, with respect to the size and spatial density of the used photonic crystals (PhCs), being filled with quantum dots (QDs). The model is two-dimensional and the incoherent excitation into the multiple quantum wells is mimicked by line sources of random electric and magnetic currents. Optimal operation is achieved by suppressing the radiation extraction for one visible color and simultaneously maximizing the emission for another color. For these cases, the field gets inevitably concentrated into the PhCs of QDs, where the conversion occurs, and the performance of the device is maximized. Several examples from these ultra-performing designs are provided, within which a secondary sweep can be applied by posing extra constraints related to cost or ease of fabrication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1105-1112
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018

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light emitting diodes
photonics
color
quantum dots
crystals
two dimensional models
p-n junctions
electric current
quantum wells
costs
fabrication
radiation
approximation
excitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

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