Polymorphisms in genes involved in the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs in the Kazakhs of Kazakhstan

Aisha N. Iskakova, Aliya A. Romanova, Akbota M. Aitkulova, Nurgul S. Sikhayeva, Elena V. Zholdybayeva, Erlan M. Ramanculov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Studies of genes involved in the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) of drugs are crucial to the development of therapeutics in clinical medicine. Such data provide information that may improve our understanding of individual differences in sensitivity or resistance to certain drugs, thereby helping to avoid adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in patients and improve the quality of therapies. Here, we aimed to analyse single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) involved in the ADME of multiple drugs in Kazakhs from Kazakhstan. Results: A total of 158 SNPs involved in the ADME of various drugs were studied. We analysed 320 Kazakh DNA samples using OpenArray genotyping. Of the 158 SNPs, 75 were not found in heterozygous or homozygous variants. Comparative analysis among Kazakhs and world populations showed a fairly high percentage of population differentiation. Conclusion: These results provide further information for pharmacogenetic databases and may contribute to the development of personalized approaches and safer therapies for the Kazakh population. Moreover, these data provide insights into the different racial groups that may have contributed to the Kazakh population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number23
JournalBMC Genetics
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 19 2016

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Distribution
  • Excretion
  • Kazakhstan
  • Metabolism
  • OpenArray
  • Single nucleotide polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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    Iskakova, A. N., Romanova, A. A., Aitkulova, A. M., Sikhayeva, N. S., Zholdybayeva, E. V., & Ramanculov, E. M. (2016). Polymorphisms in genes involved in the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs in the Kazakhs of Kazakhstan. BMC Genetics, 17(1), [23]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12863-016-0329-x