Prediction Error Method (PEM)-Based Howling Cancellation in Hearing Aids: Can We Do Better?

Muhammad Tahir Akhtar, Felix Albu, Akinori Nishihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This work develops an effective technique acoustic feedback cancellation (AFC) in the digital hearing aid (DHAid) devices. The normalized least mean square (NLMS) algorithm-based AFC method may suffer from a biased convergence. The biased convergence problem is considerably resolved by the prediction error method (PEM)-based AFC (PEM-AFC); however, it may demonstrate a slow convergence. The proposed method's main structure is based two adaptive filters. The main adaptive AFC filter receives its input from the DHAid receiver signal, while the auxiliary AFC filter is activated by a probe signal. The main idea is to apply a lattice filtering-based pre-processing for decorrelation in the main AFC filter's update equation. This produces a Newton-like adaptive algorithm with fast convergence. Additionally, the lattice filtering is executed on a sample-by-sample basis, in contrast to the frame-based execution in the traditional PEM-AFC method. As the AFC system converges, the level of the probe signal is decreased to improve the output SNR; however, the low-level input signal slows down auxiliary AFC filter's convergence. In order to improve the convergence speed, the gradient information from a maximum Versoria-criterion (MVC) is incorporated into the auxiliary AFC filter's update algorithm. The two adaptive filters' coefficients are exchanged, to ensure that both adaptive filters converge to a good estimate of the true acoustic feedback path. Simulations show that the proposed method works well for speech/signals and for DHAid devices with different gain settings. Additionally, the proposed method shows robust performance in the event of a sudden change in the acoustic environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-364
Number of pages28
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • acoustic feedback cancellation
  • digital hearing aid devices
  • lattice adaptive filtering
  • Normalized LMS algorithm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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