Process design of biodiesel production from rapeseed oil

Elena Vlad, Costin Sorin Bildea, Valentin Pleşu, George Marton, Grigore Bozga

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An integrated design for biodiesel production process from rapeseed vegetable oil is developed. The process simulation software ASPEN Plus version V7.0 is used as a computer aided process engineering (CAPE) tool. The process consists of two steps. The acid-catalyzed pre-treatment achieves total conversion of free fatty acids and partial conversion of triglycerides. This is followed by an alkali-catalyzed step where high conversion of triglycerides is achieved. Compared to other designs reported in the literature, each operation which is common to both steps is performed in one unit, leading to smaller investment cost. Different types of vegetable oil are studied. Among them the rapeseed oil is chosen as raw material for biodiesel production because the rapeseed oil oleic acid content is high and because it is the most common oil in Romania. Moreover, the detailed composition of the rapeseed oil is taken into account. This is determined experimentally by transesterification combined with gas chromatography coupled with mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) and Fourier transform infrared-attenuated total reflectance (FTIR-ATR) spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPRES 2010 - 13th International Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction
PublisherItalian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC
Pages1267-1272
Number of pages6
Volume21
ISBN (Print)9788895608051
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Process design of biodiesel production from rapeseed oil'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this