Proton dynamics in hydrogen-bonded systems

Eric Nylund, Katja Lindenberg, George Tsironis

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We discuss a simplified version of an ice lattice which consists of an alternating sequence of heavy and light masses. The light masses (protons) are each subject to a bistable potential caused by the heavy masses (oxygens). The protons interact with one another, as do the heavy ions. The interactions between the protons and the oxygens modulate the bistable proton potential. This system is known to exhibit kink and antikink solutions associated with mobile ionic defects accompanied by a lattice distortion. We show that at finite temperatures and in the presence of a constant external field on the protons, the defect velocity is a nonmonotonic function of the temperature, reflecting an interesting interplay of thermal effects (noise) and the constant deterministic external forcing in this nonlinear system. We discuss extensions of the model to higher dimensions, and present preliminary results for the proton motion in such networks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-181
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Statistical Physics
Volume70
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1993

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Keywords

  • Hydrogen-bonded networks
  • collective motion
  • multidimensional effects
  • proton dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

Nylund, E., Lindenberg, K., & Tsironis, G. (1993). Proton dynamics in hydrogen-bonded systems. Journal of Statistical Physics, 70(1-2), 163-181. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01053961