Introduction: The incidence of clinical prostate cancer in the Arab population is among the lowest in the world. High serum IGF-1 level has been implicated as a possible risk factor for the development of prostate cancer in Caucasians. The purpose of this study was to determine serum IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels in healthy Arab men and in Arab men with newly diagnosed benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer, and to compare these values with values reported in Caucasians. Patients and methods: Subjects were recruited in two groups: (a) indige nous, healthy Arab men aged 15 -90y (n = 383); (b) Arab men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer (n =30) or BPH (n = 40). Blood was obtained from fasting patients and volunteers, between 8:00 a.m. and 12:00 noon. The serum concentrations of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 were determined using Immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) kits. Results: As in Caucasians, serum I GF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels declined with age in Arab men. The mean±s.d. of serum IGF-1 levels in healthy Arab men in the age group 15-20, 51-60, 61-70y were lower (376.2±153.2, 134.9±105.7 and 89.6±48.4ng/ml, respectively), compared to values reported for similarly aged Caucasians. Arab men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer had significantly higher serum IGF-1 level (P<0.01) and lower IGFBP-3 levels (P<0.01) compared to age-matched Arabs without the disease. Conclusions: Arab men have lower serum IGF-1 levels compared to Caucasians and this may be an important factor in the explanation of the low incidence of prostate cancer in the Arab population.
- Insulin like growth factor binding protein-3
- Insulin-like growth factor-1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research