Reactive Absorption

Anton A. Kiss, Costin Sorin Bildea

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The most important and well known examples of reactive separations are reactive distillation (RD) and reactive absorption (RA). This chapter introduces the basics of RA and then presents a case study that is relevant to biofuel production. The novel heat-integrated reactive absorption process described here eliminates all the conventional catalyst-related operations, efficiently uses the raw materials and equipment and considerably reduces the energy requirements for biodiesel production-over 85% lower as compared to the RA and RD base cases. Rigorous simulations based on experimental results were carried out using Aspen Plus and Aspen Dynamics. Despite the high degree of integration, the process is easily controllable using an efficient control structure proposed in this work. The main results are provided for a plant producing 10 KTPY fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) from methanol and waste vegetable oil with high free fatty acid content, using sulfated zirconia as solid acid catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSeparation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons
Pages467-484
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9780470977965
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 4 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Biofuels
Fatty acids
Distillation
Catalysts
Plant Oils
Vegetable oils
Biodiesel
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Zirconia
Methanol
Esters
Raw materials
Fatty Acids
Acids
Hot Temperature
zirconium oxide

Keywords

  • A spen D ynamics
  • A spen P lus
  • Biofuel production
  • Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME)
  • Reactive absorption (RA)
  • Separation technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Kiss, A. A., & Bildea, C. S. (2013). Reactive Absorption. In Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries (pp. 467-484). John Wiley and Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118493441.ch17

Reactive Absorption. / Kiss, Anton A.; Bildea, Costin Sorin.

Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries. John Wiley and Sons, 2013. p. 467-484.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Kiss, AA & Bildea, CS 2013, Reactive Absorption. in Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries. John Wiley and Sons, pp. 467-484. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118493441.ch17
Kiss AA, Bildea CS. Reactive Absorption. In Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries. John Wiley and Sons. 2013. p. 467-484 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118493441.ch17
Kiss, Anton A. ; Bildea, Costin Sorin. / Reactive Absorption. Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries. John Wiley and Sons, 2013. pp. 467-484
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