Real-time measurement of shear fatigue crack propagation at high-temperature using the potential drop technique

V. Spitas, C. Spitas, P. Michelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, a direct method for real-time measurement of the advancement closed cracks propagating in Mode II (in-plane shear) is presented. The method is based on a modified potential drop technique applied on a patented shear specimen, the geometry of which ensures that under certain loading conditions a uniform shear field is developed in its central region (gauge area). Therefore, by continuously measuring the change in the electrical resistance (potential drop) between the two electrodes attached on the specimen it is possible to correlate this change with the progression of the crack within the specimen and in turn correlate the crack length with the stress intensity factor at the crack tip. This information can be used to create dα/dN - ΔKII plots as the experiment is progressing on-line from the acquired electrical data. The electrical field and the stress intensity factor in Mode II (KII) have been calculated for the shear specimen using finite element analysis (FEA) for various crack lengths and graphs indicating the change in crack length versus the change of the resistance of the specimen have been plotted. The method has been calibrated with optical measurements using a long distance observation microscope and it can be used in high-temperature testing of electrically conductive materials (i.e. nickel-based superalloys).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)424-432
Number of pages9
JournalMeasurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

crack propagation
Time measurement
Fatigue crack propagation
shear stress
cracks
time measurement
Cracks
shear
stress intensity factors
Stress intensity factors
Temperature
High temperature testing
Conductive materials
Acoustic impedance
crack tips
heat resistant alloys
electrical resistance
Superalloys
optical measurement
progressions

Keywords

  • Mode II cracks
  • Potential drop method
  • Real-time measurement
  • Shear machine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Real-time measurement of shear fatigue crack propagation at high-temperature using the potential drop technique",
abstract = "In this paper, a direct method for real-time measurement of the advancement closed cracks propagating in Mode II (in-plane shear) is presented. The method is based on a modified potential drop technique applied on a patented shear specimen, the geometry of which ensures that under certain loading conditions a uniform shear field is developed in its central region (gauge area). Therefore, by continuously measuring the change in the electrical resistance (potential drop) between the two electrodes attached on the specimen it is possible to correlate this change with the progression of the crack within the specimen and in turn correlate the crack length with the stress intensity factor at the crack tip. This information can be used to create dα/dN - ΔKII plots as the experiment is progressing on-line from the acquired electrical data. The electrical field and the stress intensity factor in Mode II (KII) have been calculated for the shear specimen using finite element analysis (FEA) for various crack lengths and graphs indicating the change in crack length versus the change of the resistance of the specimen have been plotted. The method has been calibrated with optical measurements using a long distance observation microscope and it can be used in high-temperature testing of electrically conductive materials (i.e. nickel-based superalloys).",
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AU - Spitas, C.

AU - Michelis, P.

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N2 - In this paper, a direct method for real-time measurement of the advancement closed cracks propagating in Mode II (in-plane shear) is presented. The method is based on a modified potential drop technique applied on a patented shear specimen, the geometry of which ensures that under certain loading conditions a uniform shear field is developed in its central region (gauge area). Therefore, by continuously measuring the change in the electrical resistance (potential drop) between the two electrodes attached on the specimen it is possible to correlate this change with the progression of the crack within the specimen and in turn correlate the crack length with the stress intensity factor at the crack tip. This information can be used to create dα/dN - ΔKII plots as the experiment is progressing on-line from the acquired electrical data. The electrical field and the stress intensity factor in Mode II (KII) have been calculated for the shear specimen using finite element analysis (FEA) for various crack lengths and graphs indicating the change in crack length versus the change of the resistance of the specimen have been plotted. The method has been calibrated with optical measurements using a long distance observation microscope and it can be used in high-temperature testing of electrically conductive materials (i.e. nickel-based superalloys).

AB - In this paper, a direct method for real-time measurement of the advancement closed cracks propagating in Mode II (in-plane shear) is presented. The method is based on a modified potential drop technique applied on a patented shear specimen, the geometry of which ensures that under certain loading conditions a uniform shear field is developed in its central region (gauge area). Therefore, by continuously measuring the change in the electrical resistance (potential drop) between the two electrodes attached on the specimen it is possible to correlate this change with the progression of the crack within the specimen and in turn correlate the crack length with the stress intensity factor at the crack tip. This information can be used to create dα/dN - ΔKII plots as the experiment is progressing on-line from the acquired electrical data. The electrical field and the stress intensity factor in Mode II (KII) have been calculated for the shear specimen using finite element analysis (FEA) for various crack lengths and graphs indicating the change in crack length versus the change of the resistance of the specimen have been plotted. The method has been calibrated with optical measurements using a long distance observation microscope and it can be used in high-temperature testing of electrically conductive materials (i.e. nickel-based superalloys).

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