Removal of hexavalent chromium by new quaternized crosslinked poly(4-vinylpyridines)

Violeta Neagu, Sergey Mikhalovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New quaternized crosslinked poly(4-vinylpyridines) prepared by nucleophilic substitution reactions of 4-vinylpyridine: divinylbenzene copolymers of gel and porous structure with halogenated compounds such as benzyl chloride and 2-chloracetone, were used to remove Cr(VI) from the aqueous solution. Batch adsorption studies were carried out to determine the effect of the initial concentration of Cr(VI), pH, temperature and the presence of sulfate anions. The process was found to be pH and concentration dependent. The adsorption capacities increase with the increase of the initial concentration of Cr(VI) and both resins exhibited the degrees of usage of the exchange capacities higher than 90% and good efficiency in the chromium removal. Equilibrium modeling of the process of Cr(VI) removal was carried out by using the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The experimental data obeyed these isotherm models. The thermodynamic parameters (free energy change Δ G, enthalpy change Δ S and entropy change Δ H) for the adsorption have been evaluated and therefore, it was showed the spontaneous and endothermic process of the adsorption of Cr(VI) on the pyridine resins. In the competitive adsorption studies, chromate/sulfate revealed the selectivity of the pyridine adsorbents towards chromium ions. At acidic pH the synthesized pyridine resins offer much greater chromate removal capacities compared to alkaline pH. In the competitive adsorption studies, chromate/sulfate revealed the selectivity of the pyridine adsorbents towards chromium ions due to the formation a sandwich arrangement with the chromium anion and functional groups attached to the quaternary nitrogen atom.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-540
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume183
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Adsorption
chromium
Chromium
Chromates
adsorption
Pyridine
chromate
Sulfates
resin
divinyl benzene
Resins
sulfate
Adsorbents
Anions
Isotherms
anion
isotherm
Negative ions
Ions
ion

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Anion exchangers
  • Chromium removal
  • Quaternized poly(4-vinylpyridine)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Removal of hexavalent chromium by new quaternized crosslinked poly(4-vinylpyridines). / Neagu, Violeta; Mikhalovsky, Sergey.

In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 183, No. 1-3, 11.2010, p. 533-540.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Neagu, Violeta ; Mikhalovsky, Sergey. / Removal of hexavalent chromium by new quaternized crosslinked poly(4-vinylpyridines). In: Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2010 ; Vol. 183, No. 1-3. pp. 533-540.
@article{f15168383d9e403ba5e1faa9d30b6789,
title = "Removal of hexavalent chromium by new quaternized crosslinked poly(4-vinylpyridines)",
abstract = "New quaternized crosslinked poly(4-vinylpyridines) prepared by nucleophilic substitution reactions of 4-vinylpyridine: divinylbenzene copolymers of gel and porous structure with halogenated compounds such as benzyl chloride and 2-chloracetone, were used to remove Cr(VI) from the aqueous solution. Batch adsorption studies were carried out to determine the effect of the initial concentration of Cr(VI), pH, temperature and the presence of sulfate anions. The process was found to be pH and concentration dependent. The adsorption capacities increase with the increase of the initial concentration of Cr(VI) and both resins exhibited the degrees of usage of the exchange capacities higher than 90{\%} and good efficiency in the chromium removal. Equilibrium modeling of the process of Cr(VI) removal was carried out by using the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The experimental data obeyed these isotherm models. The thermodynamic parameters (free energy change Δ G, enthalpy change Δ S and entropy change Δ H) for the adsorption have been evaluated and therefore, it was showed the spontaneous and endothermic process of the adsorption of Cr(VI) on the pyridine resins. In the competitive adsorption studies, chromate/sulfate revealed the selectivity of the pyridine adsorbents towards chromium ions. At acidic pH the synthesized pyridine resins offer much greater chromate removal capacities compared to alkaline pH. In the competitive adsorption studies, chromate/sulfate revealed the selectivity of the pyridine adsorbents towards chromium ions due to the formation a sandwich arrangement with the chromium anion and functional groups attached to the quaternary nitrogen atom.",
keywords = "Adsorption, Anion exchangers, Chromium removal, Quaternized poly(4-vinylpyridine)",
author = "Violeta Neagu and Sergey Mikhalovsky",
year = "2010",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.07.057",
language = "English",
volume = "183",
pages = "533--540",
journal = "Journal of Hazardous Materials",
issn = "0304-3894",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Removal of hexavalent chromium by new quaternized crosslinked poly(4-vinylpyridines)

AU - Neagu, Violeta

AU - Mikhalovsky, Sergey

PY - 2010/11

Y1 - 2010/11

N2 - New quaternized crosslinked poly(4-vinylpyridines) prepared by nucleophilic substitution reactions of 4-vinylpyridine: divinylbenzene copolymers of gel and porous structure with halogenated compounds such as benzyl chloride and 2-chloracetone, were used to remove Cr(VI) from the aqueous solution. Batch adsorption studies were carried out to determine the effect of the initial concentration of Cr(VI), pH, temperature and the presence of sulfate anions. The process was found to be pH and concentration dependent. The adsorption capacities increase with the increase of the initial concentration of Cr(VI) and both resins exhibited the degrees of usage of the exchange capacities higher than 90% and good efficiency in the chromium removal. Equilibrium modeling of the process of Cr(VI) removal was carried out by using the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The experimental data obeyed these isotherm models. The thermodynamic parameters (free energy change Δ G, enthalpy change Δ S and entropy change Δ H) for the adsorption have been evaluated and therefore, it was showed the spontaneous and endothermic process of the adsorption of Cr(VI) on the pyridine resins. In the competitive adsorption studies, chromate/sulfate revealed the selectivity of the pyridine adsorbents towards chromium ions. At acidic pH the synthesized pyridine resins offer much greater chromate removal capacities compared to alkaline pH. In the competitive adsorption studies, chromate/sulfate revealed the selectivity of the pyridine adsorbents towards chromium ions due to the formation a sandwich arrangement with the chromium anion and functional groups attached to the quaternary nitrogen atom.

AB - New quaternized crosslinked poly(4-vinylpyridines) prepared by nucleophilic substitution reactions of 4-vinylpyridine: divinylbenzene copolymers of gel and porous structure with halogenated compounds such as benzyl chloride and 2-chloracetone, were used to remove Cr(VI) from the aqueous solution. Batch adsorption studies were carried out to determine the effect of the initial concentration of Cr(VI), pH, temperature and the presence of sulfate anions. The process was found to be pH and concentration dependent. The adsorption capacities increase with the increase of the initial concentration of Cr(VI) and both resins exhibited the degrees of usage of the exchange capacities higher than 90% and good efficiency in the chromium removal. Equilibrium modeling of the process of Cr(VI) removal was carried out by using the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The experimental data obeyed these isotherm models. The thermodynamic parameters (free energy change Δ G, enthalpy change Δ S and entropy change Δ H) for the adsorption have been evaluated and therefore, it was showed the spontaneous and endothermic process of the adsorption of Cr(VI) on the pyridine resins. In the competitive adsorption studies, chromate/sulfate revealed the selectivity of the pyridine adsorbents towards chromium ions. At acidic pH the synthesized pyridine resins offer much greater chromate removal capacities compared to alkaline pH. In the competitive adsorption studies, chromate/sulfate revealed the selectivity of the pyridine adsorbents towards chromium ions due to the formation a sandwich arrangement with the chromium anion and functional groups attached to the quaternary nitrogen atom.

KW - Adsorption

KW - Anion exchangers

KW - Chromium removal

KW - Quaternized poly(4-vinylpyridine)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77956438716&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77956438716&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.07.057

DO - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.07.057

M3 - Article

VL - 183

SP - 533

EP - 540

JO - Journal of Hazardous Materials

JF - Journal of Hazardous Materials

SN - 0304-3894

IS - 1-3

ER -